Views: 1 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2020-05-12 Origin: Site
Embroidery is one of the best traditional handicrafts in China. The Kungfu directly reflected in embroidery works is an important basis for judging whether the embroiderer is ingenuity or not.
First of all, embroidered frame, also known as round frame, or hand frame, is composed of inner ring and outer ring. The embroidered cloth is clamped in the inner and outer circles to embroider small pieces and daily necessities, such as flowers on clothes and hats. The length and size of the embroidered bottom can be adjusted according to the objects. There are many kinds of embroidered frame, generally 80cm and 100cm, which can be selected according to the size of embroidery products.
Taut stool, also known as embroidered stool, is a three legged stool with two feet outside and one foot inside. The stool is about 8cm wide, 60cm-70cm long and 80cm high. It is used for embroidered frame.
There is also a hand rest board, which is placed on the two shafts of the embroidered frame, to protect the embroidery and prevent contamination. The hand rest board is a long board about 5cm wide and 60cm long.
Taut nails are to fix embroidered frame. They are usually made of iron nails or wooden screws called‘sheep's eyes’. There are many kinds of taut nails to choose from. It is important to choose one that suits oneself.
After the above tools are equipped, a pair of tailor's shears is needed for cutting embroidery threads. Generally small scissors with raised head is used, which can prevent the scissors from damaging the embroidered bottom.
Next, a needle is needed. Decide the size of the needle according to the embroidered material and the thickness of the thread. Generally, there are No. 8, No. 9, No. 10 and No. 12 needles for embroidery, as well as the thinnest steel thread needle, which is thin and long. It is called wool needle. It is for fine double-sided embroidery. The needle for cross stitch is thick. The needle for woolen yarn is thicker, and the needle hole is longer.
The stretched thread is generally thick cotton threads or threads for sole, which is for the two sides of the embroidered frame, penetrated into the sewn embroidered thread to tighten the embroidered bottom.
The Stretched cloth of various materials can be used. Generally, they are two pieces of cloth with a width of 35cm. One side is sewn on the embroidered bottom, and the other side is embedded in the groove of the stretched axis. The other side is pressed with a rope to fix the embroidered bottom.
The base material is also called embroidery bottom. All fabrics can be applied as embroidery bottom material, such as cotton, linen, wool, silk, chemical fiber and other fabrics, characterized by thin and transparent.
There are many kinds of embroidery threads, including cotton thread, silk thread, artificial silk thread, cashmere thread, wool thread, ribbon, etc. Embroidery thread can be selected according to the base material. Generally, cotton thread and rayon thread are selected as practical products for embroidery, which are easy to wash. Natural silk thread is mainly for embroidering ornamental products. Because of its thin fiber, good toughness, and the ability to separate silk and strands easily, embroidered products can be divided into different thickness threads according to requirements.
Embroidery is used in many places, mostly for clothes, shoes and socks, curtains, bags, needlework bags, headscarves, handkerchiefs, etc., additionally for handbags, fans, insoles, earmuffs, etc. They can also be used to make hats, quilt covers, belly pockets, etc. of various animal models for children.