Views: 15 Author: Site Editor Publish Time: 2020-01-11 Origin: Site
In modern society, although people's ideas about dressing are constantly emerging and becoming more and more diverse, the technology of the textile industry, knitting and textiles still dominate. This article will introduce you to the differences between textile and knitting.
Knitting is the process of forming loops of various raw materials and various yarns using knitting needles, and then connecting them to knitted fabrics through thread sleeves.
The original meaning of textile is taken from the general name of spinning and weaving. However, with the continuous development and improvement of the textile knowledge system and discipline system, especially the production of non-woven textile materials and three-dimensional composite weaving, the current textile has not only been traditional Hand-spun and woven fabrics, including non-woven fabric technology, modern three-dimensional weaving technology, modern electrostatic nano-webbing technology, etc. for apparel, industrial and decorative textiles.
In 1589 British priest William Lee invented the first hand-knitting machine. With the invention of the electric motor in 1870s, hand knitting machine and be replaced by a high-speed operation of the motor of the knitting machine.
Chinese machine textile originated from the spinning wheel and waist machine of the Neolithic period 5,000 years ago. During the Western Zhou Dynasty, simple shuttlecocks, spinning wheels, and weaving machines with traditional performances appeared one after another. Jacquard machines and diagonal weaving machines were widely used in the Han Dynasty. After the Tang Dynasty, Chinese textile machines became more and more perfect, which greatly promoted the development of the textile industry.
Knitting production is divided into two categories: weft knitting and warp knitting. Warp knitting uses multiple yarns to make loops along the longitudinal direction of the cloth surface at the same time, and weft knitting uses one or more yarns to make loops along the cloth surface in the transverse direction. Weft knitted fabrics can be formed with at least one yarn, but in order to improve production efficiency, multiple yarns are generally used for weaving; warp knitted fabrics cannot be formed with one yarn, one yarn Only a coil of maggots can be formed. All weft-knitted fabrics can be separated into threads in the reverse knitting direction, but warp-knitted fabrics can not.
Textile products can be grouped into four varieties: embroidery, silk, clothing and carpets.
Knitting and textile are subordinate, knitting is a branch in the textile industry. Textile fabrics can be divided into three major categories from the weaving process: knitted, woven and non-woven cloth.
The yarn is formed into loops by knitting needles, and then knitted through longitudinal string sleeves and horizontal connections. Knitted fabrics have good elasticity, moisture absorption, breathability, and comfort and warmth. They are the most widely used fabrics for children's wear. The raw materials are mainly natural fibers such as cotton, linen, wool, and other chemical fibers. Nylon, acrylic, polyester, and other chemical fiber knitted fabrics have a rich variety of tissues. , The appearance is unique. In the past, it was mostly used for underwear, T-shirts, etc. Today, with the development of the knitting industry and the birth of a new finishing process, the wearability of knitted fabrics has greatly improved, and it is suitable for almost all categories of children's clothing.
The fabric formed by the warp and weft yarns perpendicular to each other and interlaced according to a certain rule is a woven fabric (also called woven fabric). Its organization generally has three categories of plain weave, twill weave and satin weave and their changes. This type of fabric is strong, stiff, and not easily deformed due to the weaving of warp and weft. It is classified according to its composition, including cotton fabrics, silk fabrics, wool fabrics, hemp fabrics, chemical fiber fabrics and their blended and interwoven fabrics. The use of clothing is in the world leader in both variety and production quantity. Widely used in a variety of high-end apparel, woven garments have great differences in processing processes and technological means due to differences in styles, techniques, styles and other factors.
Non-woven fabric has no warp and weft threads. It is a kind of fabric that does not require spinning and weaving. It just woven short fibers or filaments to orient or randomly arrange the fibers to form a web structure. Reinforced by other methods. It is called cloth because of its appearance and certain properties. Non-woven products are rich in color, bright and bright, fashionable and environmentally friendly, versatile and elegant, with various patterns and styles, and are lightweight, environmentally friendly and recyclable. They are internationally recognized as environmentally friendly products that protect the earth ’s ecology. Suitable for agricultural film, shoe making, leather making, mattress, quilt, decoration, chemical industry, printing, automobile, building materials, furniture and other industries, as well as clothing interlinings, disposable medical gowns, masks, caps, sheets, hotels Disposable tablecloths, beauty, sauna and even today's fashionable gift bags, boutique bags, shopping bags, advertising bags and so on. Eco-friendly products, versatile and economical.
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